A 26 yearjourney of a guy who loves to write songs told in regular installments. Michael Ricciardi is a proud member of ASCAP and The Dramatists Guild of America. His musicals include "Skylark" and "The Traveling Companion" He now writes many musicals with his new collaborator John D. Nugent. Together they ahve written 'Sevenly" "The Runaway Heart" and the uocoming produxtions of "THE BREMEN TOWN BOYS" and "BROADWAY ANGELS."
Monday, February 11, 2013
A COINCIDENCE? MAYBE NOT
Well, the pope has resigned. He is the first pope to resign in six hundred years and wasn't it funny that lightning hit the Vatican the evening following the announcement. Coincidence? Maybe Not! The last pope to resign was Gregory the XII in 1415. At that time, the Catholic Worls had TWO popes. One was Bendict XIII who was the ANTI-POPE residing in Avingnon. You remember that it was an Anti-Pope that sparked Joan of Arc's mission. At any rate, there were two popes. The gentlemen of the two Gregory the XII offered to resign if the Anti Pope would also resign and a new election could take place.
On June 5th 1409 the Council of Pisa deposed the two pontiffs as schismatical, heretical, perjured, and scandalous; they electedAlexander V(1409–10) later that month. Gregory XII, who had meanwhile created ten more cardinals, had convoked arival councilatCividale del Friuli, nearAquileia; but only a fewbishopsappeared. Gregory XII's cardinals pronounced Benedict XIII and Alexander V schismatics, perjurers, and devastators of the Church, but their pronouncement went unheeded.
TheCouncil of Constancefinally resolved the situation. Gregory XII appointed Carlo Malatesta and CardinalGiovanni DominiciofRagusaas his proxies. The cardinal then convoked the council and authorized its succeeding acts, thus preserving the formulas of Papal supremacy. Thereupon on 4 July 1415, Malatesta, acting in the name of Gregory XII, pronounced the resignation of the Pope, which the cardinals accepted. According to prior agreement, they agreed to retain all the cardinals that had been created by Gregory XII, thus satisfying the Correr clan, and appointed Gregory XIIBishop of Frascati,Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals and perpetual legate atAncona. The Council then set asideAntipope John XXIII(1410–15), the successor of Alexander V. After the former follower of Benedict XIII appeared, the council declared him deposed; and the Great Schism was ended. A new Roman pontiff,Pope Martin V, was not elected before Gregory's death. Therefore,the Papal seat was vacant.
The rest of Gregory XII's life was spent in peaceful obscurity inAncona. He is the last pope to abdicate, pendingPope Benedict XVI scheduled abdication on February 28th 2013 at 8pm, Rome Time.